Asthma symptoms

A good treatment can alleviate asthma symptoms

It is important that you do not get used to your asthma symptoms but contact a doctor if you often cough, or have wheezing breathing sounds that do not pass in a few days. Untreated asthma may lead to chronically damaged airways, and it is therefore important that the correct treatment is started or evaluated as soon as possible.

Common asthma symptoms

If you periodically suffer from a cough or breathing difficulties, and at the same time feel tired and weak, it may be that your asthma is deteriorating. The symptoms may vary from mild problems to severe asthma attacks which affect different people in different ways – some people experience symptoms only sometimes, for example, in connection to exercise or a cold, while others suffer longer periods of problems.

Signs of asthma:

  • Chronic cough that gets worse at night, when you are exposed to cold, dry air or feel out of breath, and when you have a cold. Sometimes viscous mucus is produced during the cough
  • Wheezing and whistling breath
  • Repeated breathing difficulties, when it is hard for you to draw a deep breath or when you feel out of breath. This problem often occurs in connection with a cough
  • Chest tightness, which may appear in combination with or independently of the other symptoms
  • Tiredness caused by prolonged coughing attacks and long periods of shortness of breath

An allergic runny nose, a cold, heartburn and your body’s own regulation of inflammation inhibiting substances can make your asthma symptoms deteriorate during the night. Some medicines like painkillers containing acetylsalicylic acid or ibuprofen, cold medications and even eye drops can have an effect on the asthma. It is therefore important that your doctor knows which medicines you are taking. The symptoms are sometimes worse during pregnancy, although some women find that their problems become less severe and do not deteriorate at all during pregnancy.

Asthma or cough?

Asthma is sometimes confused with asthma-like symptoms that can arise in connection with other infections of the respiratory tract and heart disease. Every third person with asthma suffers from both asthma, and other symptoms similar to asthma symptoms. If you have allergic asthma, it is allergens from, for example, pets, pollen, dust mites or different foods that trigger the problems. If you have non-allergic asthma it may instead be strong smells, cold and dry air or a cold that leads to a deterioration of the symptoms. Many suffer from a combination of both types of asthma. 



UK/GEN/15/0055c     Date of Preparation: December 2015 

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Do you have asthma?

Is it sometimes hard for you to breathe during exercise? Do you suffer from pain or tightness in the chest, whistling sounds or a cough as you inhale cold air, or do you suffer a prolonged cough after colds?  

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