Eczema in specific areas

The face

Seborrheic Dermatitis is a key type of eczema on the face in both children and adults. Areas affected may include the scalp, face, eyebrows and behind the ears.10,16,17

Around the eyes

The thin skin of the eyelids may become inflamed due to its constant exposure to irritants and allergens, while rubbing the eyelid makes this worse. Atopic eczema of the eyelid typically appears as symmetrical, scaly and red, or highly pigmented thickened plaques. Scratching and rubbing can spread the inflammation to the skin around the entire eye and can even lead to loss of eyelashes and eyebrows. The presence of persistent acute eczema around the eyes suggests irritant or allergic contact dermatitis.6

Photograph courtesy of Prof. Giuseppe Micali MD, Salvatore Ferraro MD  Dept. of Dermatology University of Catania, Italy.

The hands

Hand eczema is a term for multiple rather than one disease. However, all forms may be associated with one or more of the following: redness, cyst formation, skin shedding, skin thickening and cracking. Common types of hand eczema include:9,22,37

  • Atopic hand eczema - including discoid (coin shaped) eczema and pompholyx (blisters)
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Protein contact dermatitis

One or more of these conditions can be present simultaneously.34

The genitals

The most common cause of genital eczema is neurodermatitis, an intensely itchy condition relieved only by scratching. In most patients there is a history of atopy.6

References

For a full list of this sections references click here 

UK/GEN/16/0051 Date of preparation: October 2016